First transmission of color television.
record is introduced.
Albert Schweitzer wins Nobel Peace Prize.
First hydrogen bomb is exploded by
Gene Kelly's recording of "Singin' in the Rain" is a hit.
Amniocentesis is developed.
First pocket-size transistor
radio is marketed.
Queen Elizabeth is
Joseph Stalin dies.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted spies, are executed.
Scientists identify the polio
On the Waterfront (film), starring Marlon Brando, is released.
Disneyland in California opens.
Actor James Dean dies in auto crash.
Marty wins Academy Award for Best
Albert Einstein dies at 76, shortly after pleading for halt to arms race.
US Supreme Court rules that segregation is illegal in public schools.
Presley records "Don't Be Cruel."
Eisenhower is re-elected.
Fidel Castro lands on Cuba with 82 exiles in an attempt to overthrow the Batista regime.
FORTRAN, first computer programming language,
US scientists discover the antineutron.
Buddy Holly records
Jack Kerouac's On the Road is published.
Albert Sabin produces a safe polio vaccine for children.
dog Laika is sent into space aboard Sputnik II.
DeGaulle becomes president of France.
Pele' helps the Brazil soccer team
win World Cup.
Motown Record Company is formed.
Fidel Castro becomes premier of Cuba.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens.
Buddy Holly dies in plane crash.
William Faulkner's novel The
Mansion is published.